The corruption of authority criminology essay

The author begins the chapter with a description of incorruptibility, suggesting that it is an inherent attribute of the individual with good character who would never think of compromising his or her integrity for profit or for personal gain p. Delattre points to the clear connection between incorruptibility and the purposeful goal of acting in accordance with standards of excellence p.

The corruption of authority criminology essay

September 27, Criminology: The police have a very crucial duty in the society and the justice system.

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They enforce the law by aiding in enhancing the safety and security of the community. However, they are liable to a lot of transgressions due to the nature of their job and research confirms that the police department is among the most notorious in corruption White, p.

The corruption of authority criminology essay

Therefore, civilian oversight bodies have been established to be custodians of the police. Their aim is to prevent police misconduct which they do by identifying, investigating and making appropriate recommendations based on their findings.

The paper critically analyses the three bodies, comparing and contrasting their scope of operation, powers and their effectiveness in meeting their objective. The Police Integrity Commission does identify and investigate serious cases of misconduct and those regarding public interest just like the Independent Police Conduct Authority.

The corruption of authority criminology essay

On completion of the investigations, they forward their findings to the appropriate authorities since they lack the power to prosecute. IPCA forwards their findings to the police and if unsatisfied with the action taken by the police intern report to the Attorney General and the Police Minister who interns reports to the parliament and necessary actions are taken.

IPCA refers the majority of minor complaints and those regarding breach of police code of conduct to the police for investigation while in NSW such cases are handled by Ombudsman as explained by Hryniewiczp.

Their major objective in conducting the hearing is to find the truth thus use minimal legal procedures and is not bounded by the norm of evidence. They do enhance their efficiency by conducting objective and comprehensive research concerning any complaint presented to them by the civilians against the police as implied by Senp.

For instance Police Integrity Commission was established in to deal with specific issues in in the police department of New South Wales Police Force following the recommendation of the Wood Royal Commission while Independent Police Conduct Authority was founded to oversee the police force in New Zealand because it was the solution at the time and lastly, Crime and Misconduct Commission was founded following constitutional amends in that gave it the responsibility of stemming corruption among the public as well as the police force in Queensland as described by Prenzlerp.

The commission employees highly qualified investigators hired from any commonwealth nations with prior knowledge of police operations. However, Independent Police Authority safe for preventing, detecting and investigating police misconduct also supervises the conditions of detentions and treatment of inmates to ensure that their living conditions meet the standards of the United Nations and the Human Rights Commission.

Crime and misconduct Commission, on the other hand, has a wider scope of duty since it does investigate cross-public issues as well as serious and organized crimes. This is because all their activities and constitution aim at stemming the vice.

They employee anti-corruption officials alongside investigators as they have realized that corruption is very difficult to deal with thus require combined efforts.

CIM follows up police investigations on civilians thus ensures that they conduct their investigations according to the requirements of the law thus aiding in minimizing misconduct, neglect or corruption. They also focus on education of both the public and the police of the necessity of holding integrity for the benefit of peace and understanding in the community.

Consequently, PIC and IPCA are only effective in the short term considering their major focus is in identifying, investigating and forwarding the culprits for punishment which is more ideal in stemming breach of police code of conduct but not in preventing corruption.

These organizations do face a lot challenges including difficulty in conducting investigation resulting from the complexity nature of the policing organizations. More importantly they aid in minimizing corruption in the police department. These bodies have the power to investigate and make appropriate recommendations based on their findings but not the power to prosecute culprits which is kind of a setback since at some point they are accused of overstepping their boundaries.

The PIC is charged with prevention, detection and investigation while the IPCA safe for those other duties does monitor the welfare of inmates. Their major focus is in investigating cases against police reported by civilians and report to the appropriate authority.

Whereas, the CAM is a cross-public body that focus more on corruption mitigation and is more effective in the long term goal of stemming of the vice as their activities are directed towards cultivating integrity among the police officers and the public. The evolving relationship between police research and police practice.

Police Practice and Research. Police deviance and criminality: Managing integrity and accountability. Knowledge management in police oversight: Law Enforcement integrity and accountability. Performance evaluation of police oversight agencies.

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