A construction worker named Wesley Autrey was standing on a subway platform with his two young daughters, ages four and six, waiting on a train. Suddenly another man on the platform, apparently suffering from a seizure, stumbled and fell off the platform down onto the subway tracks.
This experiment, which studied group conflict, is considered by most to be outside the lines of what is considered ethically sound. In researchers at the University of Oklahoma assigned 22 eleven- and twelve-year-old boys from similar backgrounds into two groups.
The two groups were taken to separate areas of a summer camp facility where they were able to bond as social units. The boys bonded with their cabin mates during that time.
Once the two groups were allowed to have contact, they showed definite signs of prejudice and hostility toward each other even though they had only been given a very short time to develop their social group.
To increase the conflict between the groups, the experimenters had them compete against each other in a series of activities. This created even more hostility and eventually the groups refused to eat in the same room.
The final phase of the experiment involved turning the rival groups into friends. The fun activities the experimenters had planned like shooting firecrackers and watching movies did not initially work, so they created teamwork exercises where the two groups were forced to collaborate.
At the end of the experiment, the boys decided to ride the same bus home, demonstrating that conflict can be resolved and prejudice overcome through cooperation. In the first part of the study, participants were asked to read about situations in which a conflict occurred and then were told two alternative ways of responding to the situation.
They were asked to do three things: Guess which option other people would choose Say which option they themselves would choose Describe the attributes of the person who would likely choose each of the two options What the study showed was that most of the subjects believed that other people would do the same as them, regardless of which of the two responses they actually chose themselves.
This phenomenon is referred to as the false consensus effect, where an individual thinks that other people think the same way they do when they may not. The second observation coming from this important study is that when participants were asked to describe the attributes of the people who will likely make the choice opposite of their own, they made bold and sometimes negative predictions about the personalities of those who did not share their choice.
Stanley Schachter and Jerome E. In Schachter and Singer conducted a ground breaking experiment to prove their theory of emotion. In the study, a group of male participants were injected with epinephrine, a hormone that induces arousal including increased heartbeat, trembling, and rapid breathing.
The research participants were told that they were being injected with a new medication to test their eyesight. The first group of participants was informed the possible side effects that the injection might cause while the second group of participants were not.
The participants were then placed in a room with someone they thought was another participant, but was actually a confederate in the experiment. The confederate acted in one of two ways: Participants who had not been informed about the effects of the injection were more likely to feel either happier or angrier than those who had been informed.
What Schachter and Singer were trying to understand was the ways in which cognition or thoughts influence human emotion.
Their study illustrates the importance of how people interpret their physiological states, which form an important component of your emotions. In Simons and Chabris conducted their famous awareness test at Harvard University. Participants in the study were asked to watch a video and count how many passes occurred between basketball players on the white team.
The video moves at a moderate pace and keeping track of the passes is a relatively easy task. What most people fail to notice amidst their counting is that in the middle of the test, a man in a gorilla suit walked onto the court and stood in the center before walking off-screen.
The study found that the majority of the subjects did not notice the gorilla at all, proving that humans often overestimate their ability to effectively multi-task.
What the study set out to prove is that when people are asked to attend to one task, they focus so strongly on that element that they may miss other important details.If you’ve memorized at least one verse of scripture, it is likely you have memorized John It is assumed by many that the public at large knows this verse well enough that you can simply post the reference on a sign at an athletic event and the world will know exactly what it signifies.
The Holy Bible: King James Version. Luke The Mission of the Seventy: 1: After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also, and sent them two and two before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would come. MultiCare is an equal opportunity employer. Hiring decisions are made without regard to race, color, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability or .
Home > Drug and Alcohol Rehab Topics > Social Skills Training for the Alcoholic & Drug Addict. Social Skills Training for the Alcoholic & Drug Addict. One common trait of many drug addicts and alcoholics is problems interacting with others in social situations.
MultiCare is an equal opportunity employer. Hiring decisions are made without regard to race, color, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability or veteran status. Start studying Social Psychology Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.